Pemerolehan Bahasa: Kajian Aspek Fonologi Pada Anak Usia 2-2,3 Tahun

  • Gita Rosi Wulandari SMP Negeri 229 Jakarta
Keywords: language acquisition, phonology, vocal, consonants

Abstract

This research explains to the language acquisition of children aged 2 years - 2 years 3 months in terms of phonology. In the phonology discussion which consists of vocal acquisition and consonant acquisition. This research was conducted in October-December 2019. This research used a qualitative method using a case study approach. The data source of this study was a boy who had the initials MADA at the age of 2 - 2 years and 3 months. The data obtained is stored through recording. Besides going through the recording process, data is also recorded. In this article it can be found that the acquisition of phonemes [a], [i], [u], [e], [?], and [o] MADA has been mastered. The first phonemes of MADA are [a], and [u], while the original diphthong cannot be pronounced. In addition, consonants [p], [m], [b], [y], [s], [n], [k], [d], [c], [t], [?], [w] ], [j], [g], [?], and [h] have begun to be mastered even though they are still experiencing difficulties in pronunciation. MADA's incomplete phoneme is [r].

References

Arsanti, Meilan. (2014). Pemerolehan Bahasa Pada Anak (kajian Psikolinguistik). Jurnal PBSI Vol. 3, No. 2 Universitas Islam Sultan Agung
Budhiono, R. Hery. (2011). Pemerolehan Fonologis Pada Anak Usia 0-2 Tahun. Adabiyyat Vol. 10, No. 1 Balai Bahasa
Brown, H. Douglas. (2008). Prinsip Pembelajaran dan Pengajaran Bahasa, edisi kelima. Jakarta: Kedutaan Besar Amerika Serikat
Dardjowidjojo, Sunjono. (2010). Psikolinguistik: Pengantar Pemahaman Bahasa Manusia. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia
HP, Achamd dan Alek Abdullah. (2013). Linguistik Umum. Jakarta: Erlangga
Mar’at, Samsunuwiyati. (2005). Psikolinguistik (Suatu Pengantar). Bandung: Refika Aditama
Marsono. (1986). Fonetik. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press
Tarigan, Henry Guntur. (1998). Pengajaran Pemerolehan Bahasa. Jakarta: Direktorat Pendidikan Tinggi, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan
Tim Penyusun. (2017). Modul Pengembangan Keprofesian Berkelanjutan. Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan
Yanti, Prima Gusti. (2016). Pemerolehan Bahasa Anak: Kajian Aspek Fonologi Pada Anak Usia 2 – 2,5 Tahun. Jurnal Ilmiah VISI PPTK PAUDNI – Vol. 11, No. 2 UHAMKA.
Published
2020-03-16
How to Cite
Wulandari, G. (2020). Pemerolehan Bahasa: Kajian Aspek Fonologi Pada Anak Usia 2-2,3 Tahun. Imajeri : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia, 2(2), 129-136. https://doi.org/10.29405/imj.v2i2.63
Section
Articles